For those familiar with hormones, the name ‘testosterone’ is one that will not come as strange. However, a detailed discussion of the hormone in the following sections will also help. Testosterone belongs to the class of the androgenic hormones and these are the ones responsible for the masculinizing characteristics. If your testosterone levels are low, or if you are over 45 and your levels are “normal for a person your age”, consider boosting it with testosterone supplements for better health.
Apart from human beings, testosterone is also found in other mammals, avians and even reptilian creatures such as snakes and lizards. In humans, the primary sites of testosterone production are the testes. It is also important to state that tiny amounts of the hormone are also produced in the adrenal glands (both sexes) and ovaries (females only).
Of the androgenic (masculinizing) hormones, testosterone is simply the most important. This is owing to the fact that testosterone plays a very vital role in male physiology, especially where the sex organs are involved. Testosterone is important in the development and maturation of the male organs and plays a cardinal role in boosting secondary sexual characteristics and these include the growth of pubic, axillary, beard and chest hair and the broadening of the shoulders and rib cage.
The deepening of voice, pubertal changes (growth of the penis and scrotum), increased skeletal growth and increased sebum secretion are some of the other effects of testosterone in the human body. Studies have also shown that testosterone protects against diseases such as osteoporosis, which affects the bone and may also have protective roles in warding off neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease.
Like many of the other hormones in the body, there are times when the production of the hormone will be affected in one way or the other. In such circumstances (called hypogonadism or hypotestosteronemia), the testes can produce lower amounts of testosterone than normal and there are various negative effects associated with this condition. These include retarded physical and sexual development, growth of small genitals, depression, lack of self-esteem, increased fat deposit and a myriad of other effects.
However, there are a number of medical and non-orthodox approaches or therapies that can be taken to correct malfunctions related to the production of what has been described as the most important androgenic hormone. In the females, oestrogen can be regarded as the counterpart hormone..